For those who don’t know, Crohn’s disease is that peculiar disease where diagnosis and treatment vary from patient to patient. It is because of the reason that the location of the disease may be different from patient to patient and can vary all along the gastrointestinal(GI) tract. Based on the location or site of the disease, the treatment also changes.
Now since Crohn’s disease is characterized by a number of different signs and symptoms, there is no single Crohn’s test that can determine or diagnose the disease with certainty. Besides many additional factors has to be checked or tested to diagnose the disease properly. Therefore in most cases, some supplementary procedures are also followed along with Crohn’s test.
This blog article will cover the types of different Crohn’s test and will attempt to give you an idea about which test is recommended for which stage of the disease.
Symptoms and condition of Crohn’s disease may be similar to some other diseases which include IBS(Irritable bowel syndrome) and Ulcerative Colitis.While doing the diagnosis of Crohn’s disease, physicians mainly attempt to find out the location of the disease in the GI tract.
During preliminary diagnosis, the doctor may probably check the bloating, swelling and painful or tender spots in our abdomen and try to listen to them using his stethoscope. However, to get much better idea about the condition of the ailment, every doctor would advise the patients to undergo some advanced physical tests. We are discussing each of these tests elaborately as below.
Crohn’s disease often leads to the common complications of anemia, which we know as the medical condition where hemoglobin is less than normal. Doctors usually suggest the blood test to rule out the case of anemia. Moreover, blood tests are done to look at the white blood cells count which gives an indication of any inflammation or infection in the body.
Stool test is done to see if any strains of blood are present in the stool. Besides that, it is also done to check if the patient has any digestive disease other than Crohn’s. Usually, for stool test, a container is given to the patient where he will store the stool sample and return it to the doctor or send to the lab.
This medical procedure enables the doctor to examine the inner part of our colon. This involves inserting of a thin flexible tube containing a camera which gives the imaging of the colon.The images help the doctor to look after any abnormalities inside the colon and treat accordingly.During the procedure, the patient may be given anesthesia or any kind of pain medicine. Before colonoscopy, the patient needs to empty the bowel which usually is done by drinking a laxative solution and not having any food for a specific period of time. Moreover, during the colonoscopy, the doctor may take several series of biopsy from inside the colon to test it under the microscope.
Upper GI endoscopy:
During this test, a flexible tube containing a camera at its end is inserted into the patient’s throat, down through the esophagus until it reaches the stomach and upper part of the small intestine. Before the test is done, the patient is given to drink a liquid anesthetic which numbs his throat. The camera in the tube takes images which the doctor examines to detect any kind of abnormality.
Wireless capsule endoscopy:
During Wireless capsule endoscopy, the patient is asked to swallow a capsule, which is about the size of a large vitamin. The capsule has a tiny video camera fitted in it which allows the doctor to see any kind abnormalities across the GI tract.
Usually, these are the major Crohn’s test that is done to detect the disease. However, in certain cases sometimes some additional tests or procedures are also followed. The physician may sometimes advise the patient to undergo X-ray or CT-Scan to check the abnormalities that might have been missed by endoscopy or colonoscopy.
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